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SUIT-006 MgG mt D055

From Bioblast

high-resolution terminology - matching measurements at high-resolution

SUIT-006 MgG mt D055



Abbreviation: CCP mt PM - MgG

Reference: A: short coupling-control protocol for simultaneous determination of O2 flux and mitochondrial ATP production in mitochondrial preparations (isolated mitochondria, tissue homogenate and permeabilized cells) -SUIT-006

SUIT number: D055_1PM;2D;3Cat;4U;5Ama

O2k-Application: MgG

MitoPedia: SUIT
SUIT protocol pattern: 1PM;2D;3Cat;4U;5Ama

SUIT-006 MgG mt D055 is a protocol to investigate the O2 flux and mitochondrial ATP production using the fluorescent dye Magnesium Green. In this protocol, the NADH Electron transfer-pathway state can be analyzed in mitochondrial preparations such as isolated mitochondria, tissue homogenates and permeabilized cells (already permeabilized when they are added to the chamber). Addition of the substrates pyruvate & malate (PM) to the mitochondrial preparation leads to LEAK state, and further addition of ADP induces the OXPHOS state, in which respiration is coupled to ATP production. After ADP addition, the signal from MgG gradually decreases, reflecting the ANT-mediated exchange of ADP for ATP, the later one having higher affinity for Mg2+. This exchange is stopped by addition of the ANT inhibitor carboxyatractyloside (Cat), which leads to LEAK state. With the addition of uncoupler, the Electron transfer pathway state can also be assessed in this protocol.

In the DatLab software, SUIT-006 MgG mt D055 DLP file is currently provided for the category N(PM). For using this protocol with other substrate/inhibitor combinations (e.g. succinate and rotenone for Succinate pathway control state or PMS for NS-pathway control state), a personalized DLPU can be created.

Communicated by Cardoso LHD (last update 2019-04-02) 

Representative traces

SUIT-006 MgG mt D055 O2.png SUIT-006 MgG mt D055.png

MitoPedia: SUIT

Steps and respiratory states


Step State Pathway Q-junction Comment - Events (E) and Marks (M)

3Cat PML(Cat) N CI 1PM;2D;3Cat
4U PME N CI 1PM;2D;3Cat;4U
5Ama ROX 1PM;2D;3Cat;4U;5Ama
  • Rox is the residual oxygen consumption in the ROX state, due to oxidative side reactions, estimated after addition of antimycin A (inhibitor of CIII). Rox is subtracted from oxygen flux as a baseline for all respiratory states, to obtain mitochondrial respiration (mt).


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Strengths and limitations

  • Before performing this protocol, a calibration with the fluorescent dye and the determination of the Kd of ADP and ATP to Mg2+ in the pertaining experimental conditions need to be done. For more information, see: Magnesium Green.
  • The buffer for this assay must be chosen carefully. It can be performed in MiR05 prepared without MgCl2 (with addition of 1 mM MgCl2 during the calibration or prior to the experiment) or with the ANT buffer (Chinopoulos 2014 Methods Enzymol).
  • Inhibitors of kinases and ATPases might be necessary depending on the mitochondrial preparation used, specially for permeabilized cells or tissue homogenates (Chinopoulos 2014 Methods Enzymol).
  • For protocols with MgG, ADP must be prepared without MgCl2.
+ In this protocol, ATP production in OXPHOS can be assessed in parallel with respiration. The protocol also allows to analyse the coupling control (LEAK, OXPHOS and ET respiration) in the same ET-pathway control state.
- This protocol does not include internal ET-pathway control steps.
- Even though MgG seems not to inhibit respiration in isolated mitochondria, it is recommended to do an experimental control in the absence of the fluorescent dye to check for inhibitory effects. The following protocol can be used: SUIT-006 O2 mt D047.
- The test for mitochondrial outer membrane integrity with cytochrome c cannot be performed together with MgG assays.
  • The ATP synthase inhibitor oligomycin (Omy) can also be used, instead of carboxyatractyloside, to stop mitochondrial ATP production and induce LEAK state. However, high concentrations of Omy can decrease the ET capacity measured after addition of uncoupler, therefore the concentration must be tested.

Compare SUIT protocols

SUIT-006 O2 mt D047 for coupling control with pyruvate and malate as substrates.
SUIT-006 Fluo mt D034 coupling control with pyruvate and malate as substrates for analysing membrane potential and O2 flux.
SUIT-006 AmR mt D048 coupling control with pyruvate and malate as substrates for analysing H2O2 flux and O2 flux.

Chemicals and syringes

Step Chemical(s) and link(s) Comments
MgG Magnesium Green
Mg MgCl2
Step Chemical(s) and link(s) Comments
1PM Pyruvate (P) and Malate (M) Can be substituted by other combination of substrates
2D ADP (D) preparation for MgG assay For this protocol, the ADP must be prepared without Mg2+ salts.
3Cat Carboxyatractyloside (Cat) Can be substituted for oligomycin
4U SF6847 Can be substituted for other uncoupler
5Ama Antimycin A (Ama) Can be substituted for other CIII or CIV inhibitor
Suggested stock concentrations are shown in the specific DL-Protocol.


MiPNet26.10 MgG data analysis2021-09-16
Measurement of mitochondrial ATP production using Magnesium Green: DL-Protocols and data analysis with DatLab 7.4

MitoPedia concepts: SUIT protocol, SUIT A, Find 

MitoPedia methods: Fluorometry